Laatste update: 16 juni 2014
Almere, Flevoland, The Netherlands
Functies in de Stad
Ruimtelijke Kwaliteit
Academisch / professioneel werk
Auteurs: Peter G. de Bois & Karen A. Buurmans Niemi
Reviewer: Peter G. de Bois



RGBG Strategic Model

Eenheid: surfaces, points and lines

line, points and surfaces

Lines are condensed spatial linear elements in the urban/rural network, like Streets, Alley’s, Boulevard, Lanes, Canals, Park-lanes etc. Lines are used as interrelations in that urban/rural network and the ‘Time Space’ system of people, representing the spatial conditions and dynamics of ‘Urban Flows’. They are described as a continuous spatial flow, by a vector in the physical context of the urban/rural area as a whole. The functional and spatial conditions of the lines can be different and is explained in the legenda: Red, Green, Bleu and Grey.

Points are spatial concentrations of individual/collective urban/rural functional programmes, anchor points. They are part of the system of ‘Urban Places’ within the (semie)public -spatial- domain like shopping areas, parks, squares, (small) harbours, sport facilities etc. They are used as destinations in the ‘Daily Urban’ system of people on a global and/or local urban functional level. They are described as a condensed spatial condition and place in the  physical context of the urban/rural area as a whole. The functional and spatial conditions of the places can be different and is explained in the legenda: Red, Green, Bleu and Grey.

Surfaces are large(r) urban/rural settlements, like Metropolitan Areas, Agglomerations, (parts)Cities, Villages, Neighbourhoods etc. Surfaces are described as the physical and socioeconomic boundaries of an urban/rural context, including the political, cultural and geographic background of that area. They are used as a functional context for the positioning of lines and points, flows and places in the in the context of the urban/rural area as a whole and the ‘Time Space’ system of people. They express the physical/mental position of people individual/collective on a Meta level. The functional and spatial conditions of surfaces can be different and is explained in the legenda: Red, Green, Bleu and Grey.

Eenheid: Lines: Metre, Kilometre. Points: Square Metre- Hectometre- Kilometre. Surfaces: Square Hectometre- Kilometre.


2012                        “Almere, stad in transitie, een ontwerpend onderzoek naar de ruimtelijke effectiviteit van de stad”, Editor in Chief, De Bois, Houtman, van Esch, Delft University of Technology & University of Applied Sciences Amsterdam, ISBN 978-90-815797-0-4
2012                        “Haarlem Oost Editor in Chief, Leene, De Bois cs, University of Applied Sciences Amsterdam, ISBN 978-90-815797-5-9
2010                        “Exploring the Public City, Improving the space between buildings, Copenhagen Ørestad Area (proceedings of the 2010 IP EPC workshop in Copenhagen, Denmark), Copenhagen Technical Academy (CTA). ISBN 978-87-88476-01
2010                        “Stedelijke Vitaliteit, Steden zijn lui en 32 andere visies op de vitale stad. Hoofdredacteur, De Bois  cs, Hogeschool van Amsterdam, Uitgever Elba Media Amersfoort, ISBN 978-90-7935-408-5
2007/2008          “Exploring the Public City, Transforming the Post-War City, Nowa Huta”, Buurmans, De Bois (editor in chief), (proceedings of the 2006 IP EPC workshop in Cracow, Poland), Cracow University of Technology, 300 pp., international peer reviewed publication.
2006                “Strategic RGBG model, Analysis and design of Urban Frame”, De Bois/Buurmans, International Forum on Urbanism, “Modernization & Regionalism” 2006, Beijing.
2005                        “Strategic RGBG Model; Grote Wateren Flevoland”, De Bois/Buurmans/Van Esch, Flevoland ‘Studiemiddag Grote Wateren, omgevingsplan Flevoland”, co-auteurs P.G. de Bois, K.A. Buurmans, M. van Esch, TUDelft. uitgave; Provincie Flevoland, Stichting Verantwoord Beheer IJsselmeer, Vereniging Vrienden van de Markerwaard, Provincie Flevoland

2002                “Tiel, Stad tussen versnelling en onthaasting”. An Urban Research for urban development and strategy for the city, DeBois/Buurmans, Delft University of Technology, ISBN 90-5269-303-X
Development Concept 2030 Almere


The Strategic RGBG model method works via multi layering spatial concepts which are produced by various stakeholders, urban professionals including citizens in a conceptual, design, evaluation or planning process to record their specific notions with regard to programmatic development potential of the area in casu. The strategic component derives from the fact that each layer has it own functional/spatial significance, the darker colour relates to more hits on the map showing the mutual interest of the stakeholders and leads to a further potential for collaboration.


RGBG Strategic Model Almere City

Almere RED - dwelling & other urban facilities
General conclusions:
- the notion of polycentrism is redefined: the original organisation with autonomous quarters is transformed into a coherent system of complementary nuclei, “network city”;
- essential to this “network” approach is the development of internal connections between the different centralities; these axes are themselves anchor points for bottom-up transformation;
- a clear distinction can be found with regard to structure and direction of development between the western part of the city (Almere Poort, Pampus, Stad & Haven) and the eastern part of the city (Almere Buiten & Hout); the fracture lies with the Hoge Vaart;
- Almere Poort, Pampus, Stad & Haven show a tendency towards a system of urban axes and city streets bearing North/South; these axes cut straight through the existing fabric, tying the separated urban “islands” together into a new coherence (internal re-orientation);
- in contrast to the western part of the city does Almere Buiten primarily show development potential in East/West direction (the “Evenaar” avenue); this will reinforce the relationship between the centres of Almere Buiten and Almere Stad (and in time also Almere Poort) and it provides for the later North/South connection to Almere Hout.

- a large portion of the prospected urban growth is projected within the green buffer zones, thus drastically altering the original concept of dwelling areas divided by landscape;
- the centre of the city is in fact flanked on all sides by clusters of park area and water but besides the obvious spatial quality this puts enormous pressure on the programmatic content and demands high densities in and around the centre; intensifying the centre and its surrounding quarters therefore is inevitable;
- in contrast to the urban axis along the west side of the Weerwater a green / recreational route is projected along the east side connecting a variety of park and forest areas.